It is imperative to know that the federal government does not directly give out grants to people. Instead the federal government gives federal grants to states and cities and they are responsible for giving out the money to the people.
Usually federal grants are geared towards helping the first time home buyer get into their first home. Since these grants are meant as an aide to buying a home, you should not expect it to cover the entire cost of buying a home. Rather, these grants would help with closing cost or fixing up the home after you have bought it. You should probably expect the grants to cover less than 10% of the home's value.
Home buyer grants are typically used for buying a new home, which means there are some rules you have to follow in order to get these funds. One of the rules to getting a grant is that you have to be able to obtain a mortgage.
Also, applicants for first time home buyer grants are expected to complete a class that will help you in becoming a home owner. These classes must be HUD approved. These classes will teach you how to get your finances ready so that you can buy your home. It will also teach you how to budget so that you can keep your household expenses under control.
American Dream Grant
The American Dream Down-payment Initiative (ADDI) was a federal grant program that was signed into law in late 2003 and was expected to run through 2008. This particular grant was supposed to give out $200 million each year making it one of the most generous grant program at the time.
The ADDI program was created to help low income first time buyers purchase a home by giving them money for down payment, closing costs, and fixing up the home. ADDI program assistance was limited to the greater of $10,000 or six percent of the home's purchase price.
HOME Investment Partnerships Program
HOME is the largest Federal block grant to state and local governments. This program was created to help low income families afford a home. Every year, the HOME Investment Partnership Program distributes about $2 billion among the states and hundreds of other localities throughout the United States.
Households that are eligible for HOME assistance can be different depending on the nature of the funded activity. For rental housing and rental assistance, at least 90 percent of families that will benefit from this grant must have incomes that are no more than 60 percent of the HUD-adjusted median family income for the area. For rental projects with five or more assisted units, at least 20% of the units must have families living in them that have incomes that do not exceed 50% of the HUD-adjusted median. Also, the incomes of families receiving HUD assistance must not exceed 80 percent of the area median.
Other Home Grant Programs
You can get more information on these programs by going to the HUD website. At the HUD website you can find out about the Community Development Block Grants (CDBG), American Dream Down-payment Initiative (ADDI), Emergency Shelter Grants (ESG), HOME Investment Partnerships Program, and Housing Opportunities for Persons with AIDS (HOPWA).
Through HUD you can also find out about other programs offered by state, county, and city governments. For instance, you can find information on programs like Habitat for Humanity and how to get in touch with them for help.